Let’s start our topic with the fact that network cards are different and may differ, both in the range of tasks to be solved and in the form factor (appearance). A network card is also often referred to as an Ethernet (Ethernet) controller, network adapter or NIC (Network Interface Card) adapter.
First of all, let’s divide network cards into two large groups:
External network cards
Built-in or integrated (onboard)
Let’s start with the external ones. From the name itself, it follows that network cards of this type are installed in the computer system unit additionally (as a separate expansion card) or as another external device. Continue reading