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DIY computer assembly

Detailed DIY assembly instructions. Let’s start it by installing the processor and motherboard.

Installing the processor and motherboard.
Before you start assembling your computer yourself, let’s look at the figure below. It presents all the main components from which the computer will be assembled with your own hands (with our own hands) 🙂
We will briefly go over the individual components of our “experimental”, so that assembly of a computer with our own hands would seem to us more holistically.

Under the number “1” we have a motherboard
number “2” – an external video card of the PCI Express standard
“3” – cooling system (aluminum radiator and cooler for heat dissipation)
“4” – the processor itself under the socket (socket) LGA 775
“5” – two DDR2 standard memory modules
“6” – IDE cable (for connecting an old standard hard drive or CD-DVD)
“7” – DVD-ROM optical drive
“8” – computer power supply
“9” – SATA standard hard drive (hard drive)
“10” – a loop (for connecting a hard drive or CD-DVD standard SATA)
“11” – floppy disk (drive) and its data cable
Naturally, all this “economy” must be packed somewhere. To do this, we need a good case for the computer.

Assembling a computer with our own hands takes place in the following sequence: first we install (actually screw) a motherboard in our case, install a processor and its cooling system in it, and then we connect and fix the remaining necessary elements to this “foundation”.

Another link, which in a separate window schematically shows in what sequence the computer should be assembled.

So, at the initial stage of self-assembly of the computer, we need to install the motherboard in the case. With regards to it, there may be such recommendations: the case must be spacious enough so that we can easily install all the components we need into it.

The board is attached to it with screws that are screwed into special mounting sleeves (metal hexagons). They come with a case.

The bushes are screwed into special holes on the back wall of the computer system unit (on the inside of its right side wall), on top of them is placed the motherboard and attracted by screws.

Hexagons are needed in order to form a gap between the board itself and the metal surface of the system unit (to exclude the possibility of electrical contact between the wiring of elements from the back surface of the board and the case). Such a contact may well cause a short circuit (short circuit) and disable its electronics. The more bushings you can use, the more reliable the fixation will be (see the number of mounting holes on the case and the board itself).
Tip 1: remember, the mounting sleeves for the motherboard should come with the computer case. If you buy a case, then only with them. This is important because these fasteners are different in height and differ in thread width at the base. With others, you simply cannot install the board!

Tip 2: If you plan to change the motherboard (buy it from your hands or in the store), be sure to make sure it comes with a panel with holes for the connectors? When assembling a computer, the socket will need to be installed on the back of the system unit. Pay attention to the photo below:

Note that the location of the hole for the connectors for each batch of boards is different and if you do not sell the panel corresponding to the motherboard immediately, then it will be very difficult to get it separately.

The panel is installed in a specially designated place for it. This must be done before placing the motherboard in the case.

Orient it correctly with respect to the main connectors and install it by pressing your fingers palpably. The plug should firmly “sit down” and lock in with a distinctive click.

Below you can watch a video that clearly demonstrates the whole process:
We continue assembling the computer with our own hands. After we fixed the motherboard in the case, we need to install the central processor in the slot (connector) of the board. Let’s look at the figure below and comment on some points.

Installing the processor Installing the processor

The installation procedure in the slot is as follows: press downward and bend the clamping latch to the side (indicated in the photo above under number 2). To do this: click it out from under a special hook (in the photo number 1), raise the metal frame (number 3), which fixes the processor in the socket. After that, we can only install the CPU itself (indicated by the number 4).

Attention! Take a good look at the processor and determine on which side it has the “key” (a corner specially cut off on one side or two small indentations on the sides). On the socket there is the same corner or protrusions in appropriate places.

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